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Toronto Personal Injury Law Blog

Brain Injuries suspected after pedestrian accident

Ontario pedestrians will always be vulnerable because many vehicle operators fail to keep a proper lookout for them. Motorists typically benefit from the protection of enclosed vehicles with airbags, seat belts and crumple zones, none of which protect pedestrians. Although there are laws by which both pedestrians and vehicle operators must abide, the lack of protection makes pedestrians more susceptible to severe harm such as brain injuries.

Traffic in Etobicoke was delayed for several hours on a recent Monday morning while police investigated a pedestrian accident. Reportedly, a vehicle struck a female pedestrian at an intersection shortly before 9 a.m. She was said to be about 30 years old.

Children can suffer brain injuries in unmaintained playgrounds

Hospital injury data in Canada show that approximately 28,500 children are treated for injuries suffered in playgrounds every year, including in Ontario. The injuries range from bruises and bone fractures to spinal cord injuries and serious head trauma. The researchers report that the rate of traumatic brain injuries that are treated in emergency departments annually has shown a significant increase between 2005 and 2013. An Emergency physician in Toronto at the Hospital for Sick Children says TBI is a public health burden.

However, she recognizes that improved safety standards at playgrounds have caused injuries to be less severe. Suggestions by the researchers for further safety improvements included improved levels of adult supervision. This is not meant to inhibit the children or prevent them from having normal fun and playtime necessary for healthy development; instead, it is to ensure immediate action can be taken if a child should be injured.

Brain injuries: Lawsuits may need special support and guidance

Injuries caused by the negligence of others is not something wished upon anybody. If it involves brain injuries, pursuing recovery of damages may be extra challenging. Victims of brain injuries in Ontario may not realize that they will most likely need the support and guidance of legal counsel that is specifically experienced in protecting the rights of TBI victims. It is not uncommon for a lawyer who does not typically deal with these types of cases to not fully understand the long-term consequences of traumatic brain injuries.

Along with specialized therapy and medical treatment, a brain injury victim will need legal representation that is also specialized. Some victims feel comfortable with the lawyers that handled their real estate transactions or divorces, but later realize that that could be like allowing a toddler to pilot a plane. The services required from the lawyer by a victim of moderate to severe TBI will include help in obtaining the therapy, treatment, medical care and rehabilitation that is most appropriate for the type of injury.

Traumatic brain injuries result from wide range of circumstances

Nobody in Ontario could ever be prepared for the consequences of a traumatic brain injury. Brain injuries are not typically something anybody learns about until they are victims or a loved one is a victim of TBI. While such injuries can cause multiple levels of hardship for the victim, loved ones may also suffer significantly, mostly because of their lack of knowledge and understanding.

To begin with, there are different types of brain injuries. A person can be born with a congenital brain disorder or a degenerative disease that causes the deterioration of brain functions over time. Acquired brain injury (ABI) results from an incident after birth, and these injuries are again divided into two types -- traumatic and nontraumatic.

Passenger suffer brain injuries in single-vehicle crash

Car accidents in Ontario and elsewhere can cause irreversible, life-altering injuries. Many of these incidents result in traumatic brain injuries that may prevent victims from ever having a normal life again. Severe TBI can leave a crash victim dependant on others and too often such hardship is caused by the negligence of another party.

It is yet unclear exactly what happened when the driver of a car that crashed in the early morning hours of a recent Thursday. Both the driver and his passenger, both young men in their 20s, were critically injured. The only information provided by the Ontario Provincial Police stated that the crash occurred at an on-ramp to Highway 417 and that they believe speed played a role in the accident.

Brain injuries trust receives $10,000 donation

BrainTrust Canada has found another partner in bringing awareness to issues related to TBI, which is a worthy cause across the country, including in Ontario. Preventing traumatic brain injuries has been the quest of BrainTrust for 30 years, with their focus on the youth who are most at risk. Valley First, a division of First West Credit Union, has teamed up with BrainTrust.

Valley First provided a donation of $10,000 that will be used for the development of educational materials for teaching learning skills to brain injured individuals. The president of Valley First said this is the company's way of giving back to the community. They want to help make people aware of the seriousness of a health issue that is mostly under-recognized.

Inquest into incident that caused fatal brain injuries scheduled

When patients suffer unexplained injuries at health facilities in Ontario and elsewhere, loved ones sometimes struggle to find out what happened. A woman in another province may finally learn what caused the fatal brain injuries that her partner suffered on a day in April 2016 while he was a patient in a forensic ward of a mental health centre. He succumbed to his injuries just more than two months later, and she was recently informed that there will now be an inquest into the incident.

The woman says her 42-year-old partner was admitted to the facility a month after he was diagnosed with a brain disease known as frontotemporal dementia. It is a degenerative disease that affects the memory and behaviour of the patient, causing problems with doing simple tasks. The woman says she did not learn about the incident until two days after it occurred, and her partner was already on life support.

Living with memory loss caused by brain injuries

Everybody knows how frustrating it can be to forget something. It's hard to imagine what it would be like to live with memory loss every single day. Anybody in Ontario who has suffered brain injuries may know how challenging it can be to cope with dysfunctional short term memory. This is one of the most prevalent consequences of traumatic brain injuries.

The human memory system works via four types of memory centres that encode, store and recall information. Life events are captured in the episodic memory, and facts that are learned are stored in the semantic memory section of the brain. Then there is the procedural memory that helps a person to remember how things are done, and memories to remind a person of the things that will need doing in the future are stored in the prospective memory.

Concussions are brain injuries that are often undiagnosed

There are several misconceptions about concussions. Medical professionals define concussions as traumatic brain injuries caused by blows, bumps or jolts of the heads or bodies of victims that make their brains move rapidly back and forth inside their skulls. Many TBIs in Ontario are missed in the diagnosis processes and go untreated every year because people think there must be head trauma to cause brain injuries. In fact, less than 10 percent of concussion victims become unconscious.

A concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can occur without the person's head striking anything. For example, when a car comes to a sudden stop, or is rear-ended, the whiplash movement of the body can cause forceful shaking of the head. Even without striking the steering wheel, windshield or the side windows of the car, mTBI can occur.

The classification of traumatic brain injuries

Any person in Ontario can suffer a knock to the head at any time -- whether in a car accident, slip- or trip-and-fall incident or another cause -- and it is more common than what most people may believe. A significant percentage of accidental deaths every year are caused by brain injuries. These can result from jolts, blows or bumps to the head, and also injuries that penetrate the skull. Brain injuries can occur in any age group, and it can affect from newborn babies to elderly citizens.

The severity of brain injuries determine the classification -- not all traumatic brain injuries cause death. The first type in the range is mild TBI. A victim can suffer a short period of unconsciousness -- seconds or minutes -- or they could suffer only confusion and dizziness. In many cases, scans and other tests appear normal. Concussions typically fall into this group.

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