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Concussions are brain injuries that are often undiagnosed

There are several misconceptions about concussions. Medical professionals define concussions as traumatic brain injuries caused by blows, bumps or jolts of the heads or bodies of victims that make their brains move rapidly back and forth inside their skulls. Many TBIs in Ontario are missed in the diagnosis processes and go untreated every year because people think there must be head trauma to cause brain injuries. In fact, less than 10 percent of concussion victims become unconscious.

A concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can occur without the person's head striking anything. For example, when a car comes to a sudden stop, or is rear-ended, the whiplash movement of the body can cause forceful shaking of the head. Even without striking the steering wheel, windshield or the side windows of the car, mTBI can occur.

Another misconception is that brain injuries only happen during sports activities. Children who fall from unsafe equipment in playgrounds can suffer concussions, and they can also follow aggressive attacks such as assault or domestic violence. Military incidents and car accidents make up a considerable percentage of brain injuries suffered across Canada every year.

Ontario victims of accidents of any kind that caused rapid head movement may not realize that medical treatment is vital because concussions cause brain cells to separate, limiting normal brain function. Long-term consequences can be costly, and if the incident was caused by the negligence of another person, recovery of damages may be sought. However, lawsuits involving brain injuries can be complicated and may be best navigated by experienced lawyers with suitable background knowledge of these injuries and the future losses that may be incurred, in order to pursue maximum recovery of damages.

Source: phoenixconcussionrecovery.com, "What is a concussion?", Accessed on July 15, 2017

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