According to statistics, brain trauma in Ontario and across Canada has become a significant societal and medical concern. Reportedly, the most affected age group is young adults. The type and severity of the impact or force suffered will determine the severity of the brain injuries. Furthermore, each person’s brain injury is unique because it could affect multiple areas or only one area of the brain.
Brain injuries that are not present at birth are classified as acquired brain injuries and traumatic brain injuries, with additional subcategories of each main classification. Toxins, tumours, strokes and anoxia or hypoxia causes acquired brain injuries. Anoxia occurs when the brain receives no oxygen, and hypoxia means the brain lacks adequate oxygen. These do not include brain damage caused by a congenital disorder, degenerative disease or developmental disability.
Traumatic brain injuries also occur after birth, making them a subcategory of acquired brain injuries. TBI is typically caused by sudden trauma. Any jolt, bump or rotational jolt could cause brain injuries and concussions. Although an object penetrating the skull could harm the brain, rapid or violent movement could cause the brain to smash into the skull’s rigid inner walls. Such trauma could cause severe damage to brain cells, swelling or bleeding on the brain.
While sports injuries and violence often cause traumatic brain injuries, automobile accidents and falls often cause trauma to the brain. Victims of car accidents or other incidents caused by the negligence of others might have grounds to pursue financial relief. By filing a personal injury lawsuit in an Ontario civil court, the victim might recover both financial and emotional damages.